AAU — Association of American Universities. The AAU is a highly selective membership organization of preeminent public and private research universities. AAU currently has 60 American and two Canadian member institutions. In this report, the Canadian institutions are excluded from calculations. Of the ten UC campuses, six are AAU members: Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, San Diego and Santa Barbara.
AB 540 — AB 540 is an Assembly bill passed in 2001. It allows undocumented high school students who meet certain requirements to pay in-state, instead of nonresident, tuition at California’s public higher education institutions.
Academic Senate — The Academic Senate represents the faculty in the shared governance of the University of California.
API — Academic Performance Index. API is the measure of a high school’s academic performance and may affect a student’s success in college.
ARRA — American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, passed by Congress in 2009, was an economic stimulus package intended to ameliorate the effects of the 2007–09 recession.
Auxiliary enterprises — Auxiliary enterprises are campus services that charge fees for goods and services and therefore are self-supporting. Examples include student housing, meals and bookstores.
Climate — Climate is a term employed to measure diversity at UC campuses and the degree to which the campuses are welcoming and inclusive of different groups and affiliations.
Clinical faculty — Clinical faculty are instructors in medical and health sciences fields. They include professors in residence, professors of clinical __ (__ being the name of the discipline or specialty), and health science clinical professors. Clinical faculty are not members of the Academic Senate.
Comparison institutions; comparators — UC historically has used eight universities against which to benchmark faculty salaries. The comparison institutions — four public and four private — are: University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University at Buffalo and University of Virginia (all public); and Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford and Yale (all private).
FTE — Full time equivalent – a unit of measurement of employee or student workload or attendance. Two individuals each engaged in half-time employment constitute a single FTE. (See headcount.)
General campus — Used to distinguish the non-health science areas of a campus from the health science areas. Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside and San Diego include both general campus and health science areas. Merced, Santa Barbara, and Santa Cruz are general campus only, and San Francisco is an exclusively health science campus.
General funds — General funds include State general funds, which are funds from the State of California, and UC general funds, which are primarily indirect cost recovery and nonresident tuition.
Graduation rate — The proportion of students in a cohort who finish their degrees within a specified period. Undergraduate graduation rates are generally measured in four-, five- and six-year increments for entering freshmen, and two-, three- and four-year increments for transfer students.
Headcount — Headcount is the actual number of individuals without accounting for full- or part-time status. Two students each attending school half-time constitute a headcount of two. (See FTE.)
Health sciences instruction — Seven UC campuses offer health sciences instruction. Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, San Francisco and San Diego have schools of medicine and other health sciences such as pharmacy, nursing and dentistry; Riverside has a school of medicine; Berkeley offers health sciences instruction in optometry and public health.
K-12 — Kindergarten through 12-grade instruction.
Ladder-rank — Ladder-rank faculty are faculty who are tenured or have potential to receive tenure, and generally are members of the Academic Senate.
Master Plan — The Master Plan for Higher Education establishes a system of public higher education in California that defines the roles of public institutions with the goal of making higher education available to all Californians. The Master Plan originally was drafted in 1960 and has been updated several times to accommodate changing circumstances.
Non-ladder-rank faculty — Non-ladder rank faculty are faculty who are neither tenured nor on track to receive tenure, and generally are not members of the Academic Senate. Non-ladder rank faculty includes lecturers, visitors, adjuncts, instructional assistants and clinical faculty.
Nonresident — Nonresident students come from outside California to attend a UC campus. They must meet higher admissions criteria and pay the full cost of attendance.
Pell Grant — The Pell Grant is a federal program that provides need-based grants to low-income individuals for the purposes of obtaining a college degree. The number and percentage of Pell Grant recipients is frequently used as a measure of an institution’s accessibility for low-income students. A Pell Grant recipient is defined as a student who received a Pell Grant at any point while attending an institution.
Postbaccalaureate teaching credential — The postbaccalaureate teaching credential trains individuals to meet state standards for teacher certification.
Postdoctoral scholar — A postdoctoral scholar is engaged in further research or training in the field in which they obtained their doctoral degree for the purpose of gaining additional expertise and skills. Postdoctoral scholars may hold concurrent titles in other academic or staff categories.
Retention — Retention is the proportion of students in a cohort who remain enrolled or earn a degree at a specified time, such as after one year.
SCH, student credit hours – Student credit hours are a measure of faculty teaching workload. SCH is defined as the number of student enrollments in a course multiplied by the number of credits available from that course. For example, a 4-credit course with 50 students generates 200 SCH; a 2-credit course of 15 students generates 30 SCH.
Shared governance — At the University of California, faculty, operating through the Academic Senate, have a voice in the operation of the University and a measure of responsibility for the manner in which the University operates. This system is known as shared governance.
STEM — Science, technology, engineering and mathematics. In this report, includes physical sciences and mathematics, life sciences, engineering, computer science and health sciences.
TICAS — The Institute for College Access and Success. TICAS is an independent, nonprofit organization that conducts and supports nonpartisan research, analysis and advocacy with regard to access and affordability of higher education.
Tenure — Tenure is the right to continuous employment until ended by the tenure holder by retirement or resignation. A tenured appointment may not be terminated by the employer except for good cause.
Terminal master’s degree — A master’s degree that is not intended nor has the capability of leading to a doctoral program of study.
Transfer students — Transfer students enter UC after completing their freshman- and sophomore-level studies at a California Community College. The Master Plan calls for UC to admit as juniors all qualified California Community College students and specifies that the University maintain a 60:40 ratio of upper-division (junior- and senior-level) to lower-division (freshman- and sophomore-level).
UC Extension — UC Extension is a program of courses offered by UC campuses to working professionals to meet their continuing-education needs through both credit and non-credit programs. UC Extension does not award degrees; it offers only certificates and continuing education credit.
UCUES — University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey. UCUES is a biennial survey that solicits undergraduate opinions on all aspects of the UC experience. See Data Glossary entry below for more information.
VAI — Visitors, adjuncts and instructional assistants are types of faculty who do not have tenure or security of employment.
VERIP — Voluntary Early Retirement Incentive Program
WASC — Western Association of Schools and Colleges — WASC is UC’s regional accrediting agency. It is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education as the accrediting agency for colleges and universities in the western United States and the Pacific Basin.
Association of American Universities (AAU)
The Association of American Universities (AAU) is an association of 62 leading public and private research universities in the United States and Canada. A list of the institutions can be found in Table 6 of this glossary. Membership in AAU is by invitation and is based on the high quality of programs of academic research and scholarship and undergraduate, graduate and professional education in a number of fields. Throughout this report, the two AAU institutions in Canada are excluded from the “Non-UC AAU Public” group because they do not submit data to the U.S. Department of Education, the source of the AAU data used here. For more information, visit www.aau.edu.
American Association of University Professors (AAUP)
The American Association of University Professors is an organization of professors and other academics in the United States. It conducts an annual survey of faculty compensation, used in this report to compare UC’s faculty salaries. More information on the AAUP data set can be found at www.aaup.org/our-work/research/annual-report-economic-status-profession.
Comparison 8 (Comp 8)
The “Comparison 8” institutions are the eight universities — four public and four private — with which UC regularly compares faculty pay scales and student fees. This group is recognized as appropriate for purposes of comparison by such external agencies as the California Department of Finance. The public universities are University of Illinois, University of Michigan, University of Virginia and University at Buffalo. The private universities are Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Stanford University and Yale University.
Consumer Price Index (CPI)
The CPI is a measure of inflation experienced by consumers, and an important indicator of the condition of the economy. It can be used to adjust other economic data for changes in price level and to convert them into inflation-free dollars. For example, retail sales and income data are "deflated" to assess their "real" movements over time. This report uses the calendar year average of the CPI-W (CA), which is the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers. For more information on the CPI-W (CA), visit www.dof.ca.gov/HTML/FS_DATA/LatestEconData/FS_Price.htm.
Council for Aid to Education (CAE)
The Council for Aid to Education (CAE) is a national nonprofit organization based in New York City. Initially established in 1952 to advance corporate support of education and to conduct policy research on higher education, today CAE also is focused on improving quality and access in higher education. CAE's Voluntary Support of Education (VSE) survey is the authoritative national source of information on private giving to higher education and private K-12 classrooms, consistently capturing about 85 percent of the total voluntary support to colleges and universities in the United States. CAE has managed the survey as a public service for over 50 years. For more information, visit www.cae.org.
Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS)
IPEDS is a system of interrelated surveys conducted annually by the U.S. Department’s National Center for Education Statistics (NCES). IPEDS gathers information from every college, university, and technical and vocational institution that participates in the federal student financial aid programs. IPEDS provides basic data needed to describe — and analyze trends in — postsecondary education in the United States, in terms of the numbers of students enrolled, staff employed, dollars expended and degrees earned. For more information, visit http://nces.ed.gov/ipeds.
National Postsecondary Student Aid Study (NPSAS)
The National Postsecondary Student Aid Study is the most comprehensive, nationally representative survey of student financing of postsecondary education in the United States. Since 1987, NPSAS has been conducted every three to four years by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Undergraduate and graduate students enrolled at all types of postsecondary institutions are represented. For more information, visit http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/npsas.
National Student Clearinghouse (NSC)
The National Student Clearinghouse reports on all institutions that a student has attended or received a degree/credential at. Estimates are conservative due to imperfect matching of students. For more information, visit http://www.studentclearinghouse.org/.
Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED)
The Survey of Earned Doctorates (SED) is a federal survey conducted by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) for the National Science Foundation and five other federal agencies (National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Education, National Endowment for the Humanities, U.S. Department of Agriculture and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration). The SED gathers information annually from new U.S. research doctorate graduates about their educational histories, funding sources and postdoctoral plans.
UC Audited Financial Statements
UC, like all public entities, is audited by an external auditing firm. UC’s external audit is performed by Price Waterhouse Coopers, an external independent certified public accounting firm reporting to the Regents. UC’s audited financial statements can be accessed at www.universityofcalifornia.edu/reportingtransparency.
UC Budget for Current Operations
UC budget documents can be found at www.ucop.edu/operating-budget/budgets-and-reports/index.html.
UC Corporate Contracts and Grants System
The Corporate Contracts and Grants System is a set of databases and processes that provides information about sponsored projects at the University of California. More information can be found at data.ucop.edu.
UC Corporate Financial System (CFS)
The Corporate Financial System (CFS) contains financial data for all UC campuses. The primary source of data in the CFS is a monthly transmittal file from each of the ten UC campuses. Each campus file contains data reflecting current financial, budgetary and encumbrance balances and current month financial activity in the campus's general ledger. More information can be found at data.ucop.edu.
UC Corporate Personnel System (CPS)
The Corporate Personnel System (CPS) is a reporting system with demographic, personnel and pay activity data on employees. More information can be found at data.ucop.edu.
UC Corporate Student System (CSS)
The Corporate Student System (CSS) is a set of databases and processes that provides information to meet the management, analytical and operational needs of the UC Office of the President. The seven CSS databases contain information about enrollment, undergraduate and graduate admissions, financial support, degrees conferred, and health science resident and postdoctoral fellow appointees. The databases are created and/or updated with data received from the campuses and other sources.More information can be found at data.ucop.edu.
UC Faculty Instructional Activities dataset (“TIE” data collection)
UC conducts annual data collections from campuses on faculty instructional activities. This data collection was originally undertaken in response to a state reporting requirement which was not renewed. The 2007 annual report to the Legislature was the last mandated report; it can be found at www.ucop.edu/academic-planning-programs-coordination/_files/documents/fia/fia_annlrpt2007.pdf. Since that time, UC has continued to collect these data for management and accountability purposes.
UC Graduate Student Support Survey
The UCOP Student Affairs department conducts periodic surveys of the competitiveness of UC graduate student support. Reports on this survey can be found at www.ucop.edu/student-affairs/data-and-reporting/graduate-student-support/index.html.
UC Information Center Data Warehouse
The Information Center Data Warehouse project, currently ongoing, is developing integrated system wide reporting to support the mission of Institutional Research throughout UC.
UC Medical Centers Audited Financial Statements
The UC medical centers, like all public entities, are audited by an external auditing firm. The medical center audited financial statements are published separately from UC’s external audit. UC’s audited financial statements can be accessed at www.universityofcalifornia.edu/reportingtransparency.
UC Medical Schools
Six UC campuses include medical schools: Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Riverside, San Diego and San Francisco. More information on these schools can be found at http://health.universityofcalifornia.edu/medical-centers/.
UC Student Financial Support Annual Reports
These reports, produced by the UCOP Student Affairs department, can be found along with other financial aid information at www.ucop.edu/student-affairs/data-and-reporting/index.html.
University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (UCUES)
The University of California Undergraduate Experience Survey (UCUES) biennially solicits student opinions on all aspects of the UC experience. UCUES content is broad and covers most aspects of students' academic and co-curricular experiences. Students evaluate such things as instruction, advising and student services. The systemwide response rate for UCUES was 38 percent in 2006, 39 percent in 2008, 42 percent in 2010, 36 percent in 2012 and 37 percent in 2014. More information can be found at http://studentsurvey.universityofcalifornia.edu/.
Table 6. Faculty Categories, Faculty Series and Class Title Outline Codes
Faculty Series Included
Class Title Outline (CTO) Codes1
Ladder Rank Faculty and Equivalent (LRE)
Professorial – Tenure, Non-Tenure and Recall2
Clinical Prof. of Dentistry – 50% or More
Supervisor of Physical Education – Tenure, Non-Tenure and Recall
Acting Professor – Senate and Non-Senate
Lecturer with Security of Employment and with Potential Security of Employment – 100%, and Recall3
Astronomer – Tenure, Non-Tenure and Recall
010, 011, 012
040, 041, 042
210, 211, 212
520, 521, 522
Additional Instruction/Research/Service Faculty
Professor in Residence
Professor of Clinical ___ (e.g., Medicine)
Health Sciences Clinical Professor
Lecturers and Instructional Assistants (Unit 18)4
Lecturer with Potential Security of Employment – Part Time
Instructional Assistant (non-student)
1 The CTO code identifies a group of titles with similar duties and/or conditions of appointment.
2 “Recall” denotes retired faculty who have been recalled to active service to perform teaching, research and/or public service duties. They are included in reporting on headcounts and FTE of incumbent faculty, but they are excluded from reporting on faculty new hires and separations.
Note: Faculty members with tenure are conferred the Emeritus title upon retirement. If they return to University service in a paid position, they are appointed in Recall titles. Emeritus faculty without Recall appointments are not included in faculty counts in the Accountability Report.
3 Lecturers in these titles are also called “Senate Lecturers”. They have or are eligible for the equivalent of tenure, and they are represented in the Academic Senate.
4 These Lecturers and Instructional Assistants are often part-time or are hired in temporary assignments. They eligible for union representation; their bargaining unit in the UC system Is referred to as “Unit 18”.